Manual of Arms


This work is taken from the 1841 Cavalry Manual (Poinsett's) nearly verbatim. The differences are in the adaptations for the Sharps carbine. These do not change the manual but rather the references to positions on the weapon so the reenactor is not required to translate references such as "grasp the weapon between the sight and the lower band." The largest change from the original work is the manual for loading. This part was adapted from Captains Johnson's manual for the Sharp's Rifle (Little gray Sharp's book the sutlers sell) and was merged to maintain Poinsett's as much as possible. This is evidenced by the position of Ready. The reasoning behind this approach was an 1864 photo of a 13th New York trooper standing at the position of Carry Arms, just as prescribed in Poinsett's, yet holding a Sharp's carbine. (right)

I hope this work is helpful to you in improving your impression ~ Gerald Todd, 1st Maine Cavalry


FIRST LESSON.

FIRST PART.
Principles of carried arms.
Instruction with carried arms at a halt and marching with carried arms.

SECOND PART.
Manual of arms.
Loading in four times.
Loading at will.
Firing
Principles of carried lance.
Manual of the lance.

SECOND LESSON.

FIRST PART.
Manual of arms, the sabre being worn.
Inspection of arms.

SECOND PART.
Marching with arms at the different steps.

Evolutions performed by trooper Joshua Burguess, 1st Maine Cavalry


FIRST LESSON. Top

FIRST PART.

1.- This lesson is given, when possible, to each man individually, or at most, to four men at a time. In the latter case, they are placed in one rank, 8 feet from each other.

2.- The trooper, armed with the carbine, is in his stable-jacket and forage-cap, and has his cartridge-box and gun-sling; the sabre is not worn. The lancer is armed with his lance; the carabiniers and cuirassiers, being without carbines, wear their sabres. Principles of carried arms.

3.- (Pl. 10, fig. B.) The carbine in the right hand, against the hollow of the shoulder, the barrel perpendicular, the guard to the front; the arm slightly bent, without separating the elbow from the body, the right hand around the small of the stock, the thumb under the guard.

(Pl. 10, fig. B.)

4.- The recruit being inclined to throw back the body to lower the right shoulder, or to separate the elbow from the body, the carbine should sometimes be taken from him to correct his position.

Instruction with carried arms at a halt and marching with carried arms. Top

5.- The instructor requires the men to execute the movements of the first lesson, observing that the position of carried arms is always perfectly maintained. The carabiniers and cuirassiers execute the movements laid down in Nos. 58,59,60,61,62, and 64; they are afterwards exercised with the sabre at a carry, at all the movements of the first lesson. The instructor observes that the sabre is always properly carried.

SECOND PART. Top

6.- The carabiniers and cuirassiers continue to be exercised at the manual of the sabre.

Manual of Arms. Top

7.- The execution of each command, or part of command, forms a time; but this time is divided into motions, to show the mechanism and facilitate the execution of it.
The last syllable of a command, or part of command, causes the quick execution of a time of exercise, or the first motion of this time when it is divided. The commands two, three, etc., cause that, of the other motions.
When the trooper understands perfectly the motions of a time, he executes them without stopping at each one; but he observes the mechanism of them, in order to avoid what is called slighting his motions.
The instructor is very particular that the manual does not derange the position of the body; he devotes to this exercise only half the time of the lesson, and the rest to the marching.
To rest, he commands order arms, and ground arms, which is executed as prescribed in No. 20.
To REST IN PLACE, he first commands order arms; but if the arms are loaded, he commands support arms.

8.- The squad being at carry-arms, the instructor commands:

Order - ARMS.
1 time, 3 motions
(Pl. 11, fig. A.) l. At the last part of the command, which is ARMS, detach the carbine with the right hand perpendicularly, and 4 inches from the shoulder, seizing it at the same time with the - left hand above the band.


2. Seize the carbine with the right hand between the left hand and the muzzle.
3. Let go of the carbine with the left hand, which is dropped smartly by the side; extend the right arm, bring the carbine to the ground, without shock, the tip of the butt 2 inches from, and on a line with the right toe, the elbow near the body, the barrel between the thumb and the three first fingers extended, the little finger behind the barrel.
(Pl. 11, fig. A.)

Carry - ARMS.
1 time, 3 motions

9.- 1. At the last part of the command, which is Arms, raise the carbine perpendicularly with the right hand, the barrel 4 inches from the shoulder; seize it with the left hand just above the band.
2. Seize the small of the stock with the right hand, the thumb 1-1/2 inches below the guard.
3. Press the carbine against the shoulder with the right hand, and drop the left hand smartly by the side.

Present - ARMS.
1 time.

10.- (Pl. 11, fig. B.) At the last part of the command, which is ARMS, carry the carbine with the right hand opposite to the middle of the body, the barrel perpendicular, the guard to the front, the fore-arm pressed against the body without being constrained; seize the carbine with the left hand, the little finger touching the upper part of the guard, the thumb extended along the groove between the barrel and the stock, the hand as high as the elbow; reverse the position of the right hand on the small of the stock, the fingers extended to the front, the fore-finger pressing against the under part of the guard, the thumb in rear of the stock.

(Pl. 11, fig. B.)

Carry - ARMS.
1 time.

11.- At the last part of the command, which is ARMS, shift the position of the left hand, bringing the thumb to the front; place the carbine against the shoulder with the right hand, the barrel perpendicular, and drop the left hand at the same time by the side.

Support - ARMS.
1 time, 4 motions.

12.- (Pl. 19, fig. A.) l. At the last part of the command, which is ARMS, detach the carbine with the right hand perpendicularly, 4 inches from the shoulder, seize it at the same time at the lower band with the left hand.


2. Raise the carbine with both hands, turning the barrel to the front, and place it opposite to the hollow of the left shoulder, the left hand as high as the neck, the thumb extended; reverse the position of the left hand on the small of the stock, the flat of the stock against the hip.

3. Place the left fore-arm on the breast, the cock resting on the fore-arm, the hand extended on the right breast, the fingers joined, and the thumb separated from them.
4. Drop the right hand smartly by the side.
(Pl. 19, fig. A.)

Carry - ARMS.
1 time, 4 motions.

13.- 1. At the last part of the command, which is ARMS, seize the carbine with the right hand at the small of the stock.
2. Detach the carbine 4 inches from the shoulder, place the left hand at the lower band, the thumb extended, the fore-arm along the stock.
3. Bring down the carbine with both hands, turning the guard to the front; place it perpendicularly opposite to, and 4 inches from the right shoulder, the left hand a little above the right hip, the right hand shifting its position at the small of the stock.
4. Place the carbine against the shoulder with the right hand, and drop the left hand smartly by the side.

Arms - AT WILL.
1 time, 1 motion.

14.- Carry the carbine at pleasure, on either shoulder, with one or both hands, the muzzle always up.

Carry - ARMS.
1 time, 1 motion.

15.- Retake smartly the position of carry-arms.

Secure - ARMS.
1 time, 2 motions

16.- l. At the last part of the command, which is ARMS, raise the carbine about two inches, seize it with the left hand at the right shoulder, grasp it with the right hand a little below the lower band, the thumb extending along the barrel.


2. Lower the muzzle, bring the butt under the right arm, the guard resting on the hip, the barrel uppermost; at the same time drop the left hand to its side.

Carry - ARMS.
1 time, 2 motions.

17.- 1. At the last part of the command, which is ARMS, throw up the carbine with the right hand, seize it at the right shoulder with the left hand, and shift the right hand to the small of the stock, as in carry-arms.
2. Drop the left hand to the left side.

Order - ARMS.
As prescribed, No. 8.

Sling - CARBINE.
1 time, 2 motions.

18.- (Pl. 12, fig. B.) 1. At the last part of the command, which is CARBINE, raise the carbine perpendicularly with the right hand and place it in the left hand, which seizes it below the sight, the thumb extended, the barrel to the front; incline the carbine to the right, that the ring may hang down, the left hand as high as, and opposite to the neck; slip the swivel to the front with the right hand, the thumb pressing upon the short side to open it, insert it in the ring.

(Pl. 12, fig. B.)

(Pl. 12, fig. C.) 2. Seize the carbine at the small of the stock with the right hand, let it go with the left hand, which is dropped by the side; pass the carbine behind the back, lowering the muzzle; push the butt to the rear, and drop the right hand by the side.
(Pl. 12, fig. C.)

Unsling - CARBINE.
1 time, 2 motions.

19.- 1. At the last part of the command, which is CARBINE, seize the carbine at the small of the stock with the right hand, raise it, seize it again with the left hand below the sight, the thumb extended, the hand as high as, and opposite to the neck; incline the carbine to the right, free the swivel from the ring with the right hand, and push the swivel to the rear.
2. Seize the carbine with the right hand, between the band and the muzzle; bring it down, turning it at the same time, and resume the position of order-arms, No. 8.

Ground - ARMS.
1 time, 2 motions.

20.- 1. At the last part of the command, which is ARMS, turn the carbine with the right hand, the swivel-bar to the front; bend the body, advance the left foot, lay the carbine on the ground in front of the body, the lock up, the toe of the butt on a line with the right toe, the right knee slightly bent, the right heel raised.
2. Rise up, bring the left foot by the side of the right, and drop the hands by the sides.

Raise - ARMS.
1 time, 2 motions.

21.- l. At the last part of the command, which is ARMS, bend the body, advance the left foot, the heel opposite to the lower band.
2. Raise the carbine, bringing the left foot by the side of the right, at the same time turn the carbine with the right hand, the guard to the front.
When the men have their sabres, at the same time that they execute the 1st motion of Nos. 20 and 21, they seize the sabre with the left, hand, the point to the front, the hand closed, the thumb extended, and touching the lower ring of the scabbard.

To break the ranks, the instructor commands:

1. Break ranks
2. MARCH.

Loading in four times. Top

22.- The squad being at carry-arms, the instructor commands:
Load in four times.
1. LOAD.
1 time, 2 motions.
(Pl. 13, fig. A.) 1. At the command LOAD, make a half face to the right on the left heel, carrying the right foot square behind the left, the hollow of it opposite to, and three inches from the left heel; detach the carbine perpendicularly 4 inches from the shoulder with the right hand, raising it a little, and seize it with the left hand opposite to the right breast, the thumb extended on the stock; change the position of the right hand at the small of the stock, turning the thumb to the rear.

(Pl. 13, fig. A.)

2. Throw the butt under the arm with the right hand; the left hand 2 inches below the right breast; the left elbow close to the body; the muzzle as high as the chin; half cock, remove the old cap if there be one; move back the catch with the fore-finger of the right hand, seize the lever with the thumb and first two fingers and throw it open to it's full extent, and carry the hand to the cartridge-box and open it.

2. Charge - CARTRIDGE.
1 time, 2 motions.

23.- 1. At the last part of the command, which is CARTRIDGE, draw the cartridge, insert it (ball end foremost) into the barrel, and seize the lever with the thumb and first two fingers.
2. Draw back the lever, move up the catch, remove any debris from the top of the breech-block, and carry the hand to the cap-box.

2. PRIME.
1 time.

24.- At the command PRIME, place a cap on the nipple, press it down with the thumb, let down the cock, and seize the carbine at the small of the stock with the right hand.

Carry - ARMS.
1 time, 2 motions.

25.- l. At the last part of the command, which is ARMS, raise the carbine vertically with the left hand, turning it at the same time, the barrel 4 inches from, and opposite to the right shoulder; the left hand as high as the hip; place the right hand at the small of the stock, and carry the right foot by the side of the left.
2. Press the carbine against the shoulder with the right hand, and drop the left quickly by the side.

Loading at will. Top

26.- When the men load properly in four times, they are practiced to load at will; the instructor commands:
Load at will - LOAD.
At the second command, which is LOAD, they execute the times of loading without stopping at any one, and without waiting for each other.

Firing. Top

27.- The instructor should always place himself behind the troop, to command the firing.

Position of the front rank.
The instructor commands:
READY.
1 time, 2 motions.
(Pl. 15, fig. A.) l. At the command READY, make a half face to the right on the left heel, carrying the right foot square behind the left, the hollow of it opposite to, and 3 inches from the left heel; detach the carbine with the right hand vertically 4 inches from the shoulder; seize it with the left hand at the sight, the thumb upon the barrel; raise it with both hands, the left as high as the neck; place the right thumb upon the head of the cock, the fore-finger on the guard, the others under it, the elbow as high as the hand.

(Pl. 15, fig. A.)

2. Cock the piece by lowering quickly the right elbow, and seize the small of the stock.

AIM.
1 time.

28.- (Pl. 16, fig. A.) At the command AIM, lower the muzzle quickly, slip the left hand to the sight, holding the carbine with the thumb and fore-finger of the left hand, the other fingers closed; press the butt against the shoulder, the muzzle a little lowered, the elbows down without being pressed against the body; place the face against the stock, shut the left eye, direct the right eye along the barrel to aim, and place the fore-finger of the right hand on the trigger.

(Pl. 16, fig. A.)

29.- To recover arms before firing, the instructor commands:

Recover - ARMS.
1 time.
At the last part of the command, which is ARMS, take the finger from the trigger, raise the carbine quickly, and resume the position of the second motion of ready, No. 27.

30.- To carry arms without firing, after having made ready to recover arms, the instructor commands:

Carry - ARMS.
2 times.
l. At the first part of the command, which is Carry, place the right thumb upon the head of the cock, the fore-finger on the trigger, the others under the guard; pull back the cock; press the fore-finger on the trigger to unlock, holding the cock with the thumb, let it down until the hammer touches the cap.
2. At the last part of the command, which is ARMS, bring down the carbine with both hands, the right one at the small of the stock; press the carbine against the shoulder, drop the left hand by the side, face to the front, and bring the right foot by the side of the left.

31.- The. squad being at the position of aim, to fire, the instructor commands:

FIRE.
1 time.
At the command FIRE, press the fore-finger against the trigger and fire, without lowering the head or turning it, and remain in this position.

32.- If, after having fired, the instructor does not wish to load, he commands:

Carry - ARMS.
2 times.
1. At the first part of the command, which is Carry, bring back the carbine quickly, and place the butt under the right arm, the left hand at the sight, the left wrist 2 inches below the right breast, the elbow against the body, the muzzle as high as the chin; seize the small of the-stock with the right hand.
2. At the last part of the command which is Arms, carry arms, facing at the same time to the front, and drop the left hand quickly by the side.

33.- If, after having fired, the instructor wishes to load, he commands:

LOAD.
1 time.
At the command LOAD, bring down the carbine to the position of load, load at will, carry arms, and face to the front.

Position of the rear rank.

34.- The instructor commands:

READY.
1 time, 2 motions.
(Pl. 17, fig. A.) 1. At the command READY, execute the 1st motion of ready, No. 27; at the same time step off 6 inches to the right with the right foot, carrying the left foot 3 inches in front of the hollow of the right, so as to be placed opposite to the interval on the right of the file-leader.
2. Execute the 2d motion of ready, No. 27.

AIM.
1 time.

35.- (Pl. 17, fig. B.) At the command Aim, carry the left foot 6 inches to the front, without bending the right knee; lower the muzzle quickly, the band even with the ear of the file leader, in such a manner that it shall project beyond the front rank, press the butt against the right shoulder; execute the rest of the motion as it is prescribed, No. 28.

(Pl. 17, fig. B.)

Recover - ARMS.

36.- As it is prescribed, No. 29, remaining opposite to the interval, and bringing the left foot 3 inches from the hollow of the right.

Carry - ARMS.
2 times.

37.- At the first part of the command, which is Carry, execute the 1st motion of carry-arms, No. 30.
2. At the last part of the command, which is ARMS, bring down the carbine with both hands, the right hand on the small of the stock, press the carbine against the shoulder, drop the left hand quickly by the side; at the same time return behind the file-leader, by stepping 6 inches to the left with the left foot, face to the front, and carry the right heel by the side of the left.

38.- The squad being at the position of Aim, to fire the instructor commands:

FIRE.
As it is prescribed, No. 31.

39.- If, after firing, the instructor does not wish to load, he commands:

Carry - ARMS.
2 times.
1. At the first part of the command, which is Carry, execute the 1st motion of carry-arms, No. 32.
2. At the second command, which is ARMS, execute the 2d motion of carry-arms, No. 37.

40.- If, after firing, the instructor wishes to load, he commands:

LOAD.
At the command Load, bring down the carbine and load as in No. 26, carry arms, face to the front, and resume the position behind the file-leader.

Principles of carried-lance. Top

41.- (Pl. 18, fig. A.) The lance perpendicular in the right hand, which holds it 2 feet from the butt, the arm nearly extended, the wrist turned in, the thumb in front of the staff, the fore-finger extended on the side, the others in rear, the butt of the lance 2 inches from the ground, the staff against the hollow of the shoulder, the left hand hanging by the side.

Manual of the lance. Top

Present - LANCES.
1 time.

42.- (Pl. 18, fig. B) At the last part of the command, which is LANCES, bring the lance with the right hand 4 inches from, and opposite to the left eye, the right arm nearly extended; seize it quickly with the left hand at the height of the elbow, the thumb extended along the staff; change the position of the right hand, extending the fingers in front of the staff, the thumb behind it.

Carry - LANCES
1 time.

43.- At the last part of the command, which is LANCES, change the right hand to the position of carried-lance, No. 80; bring the lance to the right shoulder with both hands, and drop the left hand by the side.

Charge - LANCES (as front rank).
2 times.

44.- (Pl. 19, pg. A.) 1. At the first part of the command; which is Charge, make a half-face to the right on the left heel, carrying the right foot square-behind the left, the hollow of it opposite to, and 3 inches from the left heel; detach the lance with the right hand perpendicularly, 4 inches from the shoulder.
2. At the last part of the command, which is LANCES, bring down the lance with the right hand into the left, which seizes it 18 inches from the right, the left elbow near the body, the upper part of the body inclining forward, the right hand resting upon the right hip, the point of the lance as high as the eyes.

Charge - LANCES (as rear rank).
2 times.

45.- 1. At the first part of the command, which is Charge, execute the first time of No. 44, and step off 6 inches to the right with the right foot, bringing the left foot 8 inches in front of the hollow of the right, so as to be placed opposite to the interval on the right of the file-leader.
2. At the second part of the command, which is Lances, bring down the lance as prescribed for the front rank, No. 44, in such a way that it shall fall between the file-leader and the man on his right, without touching them.

Carry - LANCES (front and rear ranks).
1 time, 2 motions.

46.- l. At the last part of the command, which is LANCES, turn on the left heel to face to the front, carrying the right heel by the side of the left; bring up the lance with the left hand, carrying it to the right shoulder, and place the right hand as in the position of carried-lance.
2. Let go of the lance with the left hand, which is dropped quickly by the side.
The men of the rear rank resume their places behind their file-leaders.

Order - LANCES.
1 time.

47.- (Pl. 19, fig. B.) At the last part of the command, which is LANCES, let the lance slip to the ground through the right hand, which seizes it immediately at the height of the stock, the elbow and fore-arm pressing against the staff, which is held perpendicularly, the butt on a line with, and 1 inch from the right toe, the left hand hanging by the side.

Carry - LANCES.
1 time.

48.- At the last part of the command, which is LANCES, let go of the lance with the right hand, letting it rest against the hollow of the shoulder; extend the right arm downwards to its full length; seize the lance, the wrist turned inwards, the thumb on the front of the staff, the fore-finger extended on the side, the others in rear; raise the butt of the lance about 2 inches from the ground by slightly bending the arm.

Shoulder - LANCES.
1 time.

49.- At the last part of the command, which is LANCES, raise the lance with the right hand, and place it on the right shoulder, the point upward and directed towards the rear and left; change the position of the right hand, placing the thumb underneath, the fingers on top, the arm half extended, the elbow down, without being pressed against the body.

Carry - LANCES.
1 time.

50.- At the last part of the command, which is LANCES, bring up the lance perpendicularly, placing the right hand in the position of carried-lance, No. 41.

Order - LANCES.
As prescribed, No. 47.

REST.

51. - Let go of the lance, resting it against the shoulder, and replace the right hand extended on the staff.
At the command Attention, resume the position of order lance, No. 47.


SECOND LESSON. Top

FIRST PART.

52.- This lesson is given to from 4 to 8 men at a time. They are in stable-jackets and forage caps, and have their cartridge-boxes and gun-slings. They are armed with carbines (or lances) and sabres, and are placed in one rank, 8 feet from each other.

Manual of arms, the sabre being worn.

53.- The troopers, having the sabre hooked up with the hilt to the rear, are exercised at the manual of arms after the principles laid down in the second part of the second lesson; they are then taught to draw the sabre, to present it, and to return it. The squad being at the position of order arms, the instructor commands:

Sling - CARBINE.
As prescribed, No. 18.

Draw - SABRE.
2 times.

54.- (Pl. 20, fig. A.) 1. At the first part of the command, which is Draw turn the head slightly to the left, without deranging the position of the body; unhook the sabre with the left Hand, and bring the hilt to the front; run the right wrist through the sword-knot; seize the gripe, draw the blade 6 inches out of the scabbard, pressing the scabbard against the thigh with the left hand, which seizes it at the upper ring, and turn the head to the front. (Fig. B.)

(Pl. 20, fig. A.)

2. At the last part of the command, which is SABRE, draw the sabre quickly, raising the arm to its full extent;

make a slight pause, carry the blade to the right shoulder, the back of it against the hollow of the shoulder, the wrist resting against the hip, the little finger on the outside of the gripe.
(Pl. 20, fig. B.)

This position is the same when mounted, except that the wrist then naturally falls upon the thigh.

Present - SABRE.
1 time.

55.- (Pl. 21.) At the last part of the command, which is SABRE, carry the sabre to the front, the arm half extended, the thumb opposite to, and 6 inches from the neck, the blade perpendicular, the edge to the left, the thumb extended on the right side of the gripe, the little finger by the side of the others.

(Pl. 21)

Carry - SABRE.
1 time.

56.- At the last part of the command, which is SABRE, carry the back of the blade against the hollow of the shoulder, the wrist resting against the hip, the little finger on the outside of the gripe.

Return - SABRE.
2 times.

57.- (Pl. 21.) 1. At the first part of the command, which is Return, execute the 1st motion of present sabre, No. 94.
2. At the last part of the command, which is SABRE, carry the wrist opposite to, and 6 inches from the left shoulder; lower the blade and pass it across and along the left arm, the point to the rear; turn the head slightly to the left, fixing the eyes on the opening of the scabbard; return the blade, free the wrist from the sword-knot, turn the head to the front, drop the right hand by the side, and hook up the sabre with the hilt to the rear.

Inspection of arms. Top

58.- The squad being at the position of order arms, the instructor commands:

Inspection - (of) CARBINE.
1 time, 3 motions.
1. (Pl. 22, Fig. A.)Raise the carbine smartly with the right hand, turning the barrel to the right, place it in the left hand, which seizes it at the sight, the thumb extended along the stock, the hand opposite to the shoulder and as high as the chin, the elbow against the butt, carry the right hand to the catch, disengage it and spring open the lever to it's full extent, drop the right hand by the side.

(Pl. 22, Fig. A.)

2. Seize the lever with the thumb and first two fingers of the right hand, shut it, move up the catch, turn the piece in the left hand to a horizontal position, the muzzle to the right, the barrel to the front, and swivel it.
3. Seize the piece with the right hand at the small of the stock, let go with the left hand, which is dropped by the side, lower the piece to the right side, push the butt to the rear, and drop the right hand.

Inspection - (of) SABRE.
1 time, 7 motions.

59.- 1. At the last part of the command, which is SABRE, execute the 1st time of draw sabre, No. 54.
2. Execute the 2d time of draw sabre, No. 54.
3. Present the sabre as it is prescribed, No. 55.
4.
(Pl. 22, fig. B.) Turn the wrist inwards, to show the other side of the blade.

(Pl. 21)(Pl. 22, Fig. B.)

5. Carry the sabre to the shoulder, as it is prescribed, No. 56.
6. Execute the 1st time of return sabre, No. 57.
7. Execute the 2d time of return sabre, No. 57.

Unsling - CARBINE.
As prescribed, No. 19.

60.- When the men execute the inspection of arms correctly, to exercise them without the details, the instructor commands:

Inspection - (of) ARMS.
At the last part of the command, which is ARMS, the men remain steady.
Each man, as the instructor passes before him, executes the 1st motion of inspection of carbine, No. 58. (The instructor takes the carbine to examine it, if he thinks proper, but the trooper does not carry it forward to present it to him.)
As soon as the instructor has passed by two files, the man who has been inspected executes the 2nd and 3rd motions of inspection of carbine, No. 58, and draws the sabre, 1st and 2d motions of inspection of sabre, No. 59.
Each man, as the instructor passes before him, presents the sabre, and turns the wrist inwards to show the other side of the blade, 3d and 4th motion of inspection of sabre, No. 59.
As soon as the instructor has passed by two files, the man who has been inspected carries the sabre to the shoulder, returns it, 5th, 6th, and 7th motions of inspection of sabre, No. 59; unslings the carbine, and resumes the position of order arms, No. 8.

(LANCERS.)

61.- The lancer being at the position of order lances, the instructor commands:

Inspection - (of) LANCES.
1 time, 4 motions
1. At the last part of the command, which is LANCES, slip the right hand down along the staff to the height of the hip; raise the lance perpendicularly, the end 6 inches from the ground.
2. Lower the point to the front, the staff pressing against the elbow, and placed horizontally 2 inches below the right breast; the lance supported under the arm, the thumb extended on the staff, the fingers closed.
3. Turn the hand, the nails downwards, to show the other side of the blade.
4. Bring up the lance, and place the butt of it near the right toe, the hand at the height of the stock.

Inspection - (of) SABRE.
1 time, 7 motions.

62.- (Pl. 22,fig. C.) l. At the last part of the command, which is SABRE, pass the lance to the left, the butt of it near the left toe, the staff resting against the left shoulder and supported by the left hand; turn the head slightly to the left, without deranging the position of the body; unhook the sabre, and bring the hilt to the front with the left hand, which holds the scabbard below the upper rings; support the lance with the same hand, by extending the thumb in front of the staff; run the wrist through the sword-knot, seize the gripe, draw the blade 6 inches out of the scabbard, and turn the head to the front.
2. Execute the 2d motion of inspection of sabre, No. 59.
3.
4. Execute the 3d, 4th, 5th, and 6th motions of inspection of sabre, No 59.
5.
6.
7. Execute the 7th motion of inspection of sabre, No. 59, and with the right hand carry the lance near the right toe, in the position of order lances, No. 47.

63.- When the lancers execute the inspection of arms correctly, to exercise them without the details, the instructor commands:

Inspection - (of) ARMS.
At the last part of the command, which is ARMS, the lancers execute the 1st and 2d motions of inspection of lances, No. 61.
Each lancer, as the instructor passes before him, executes the 3d motion of inspection of lances, No. 61.
As soon as the instructor has passed by two files, the lancer who has been inspected executes the 4th motion of inspection of lances, No. 61, and draws the sabre, 1st and 2d motions of inspection of sabre, No. 62.
Each lancer, as the instructor passes before him, presents the sabre, and turns the wrist inwards to show the other side of the blade, 3d and 4th motions of inspection of sabre, No. 59.
As soon as the instructor has passed by two files, the lancer who has been inspected carries the sabre to the shoulder, returns it, 5th and 6th motions of inspection of sabre, No. 59, and places the lance in the position of order lances, No. 47.

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Marching with arms at the different steps.

64.- The troopers, having the sabre hooked up, are exercised at the different steps and movements explained in the second part of the first lesson; those armed with carbines are taught, in addition, to support arms and to carry arms when marching, and to fire with cartridges. The lancers are exercised in a like manner, with the lance carried or shouldered.

65.- The instructor orders the arms to be carried before executing an about-face.

66.- Whenever the command HALT is given, the troopers will carry arms smartly.

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Advance Carbine

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